ציור בסגנון המיניאטורות התורכיות מן המאה ה-16, המציג את בניית שער שכם. תצוגת הקבע (מוזיאון מגדל דוד, ירושלים)

Ottoman Period

1517 CE

On the 400 years of Ottoman rule in Jerusalem (1517 – 1917), in which the city saw days of glory and decline. With the exception the rule of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, when the city’s walls and most of its gates were built, Jerusalem was a remote village on the outskirts of the Ottoman Empire. The period culminated with the great upheaval that overtook the city in the 19th century:  the penetration of European powers and the transition into the modern age.

דמויות אופייניות לירושלים במאה ה-19 בחזיתו של רהט, תצוגת הקבע (מוזיאון מגדל דוד, ירושלים)

At the Fountain

Jerusalem’s water system was restored during the rule of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. Eight fountains (sabils) were built throughout the city providing water to its residents and to visitors for generations.

A variety of characters typical of Jerusalem in the 19th century in front of a water fountain
Three dimensional scene, scale 1:3

העתק של מכבש דפוס מתוצרת אנגליה (1841) ששלח משה מונטיפיורי לישראל ב''ק. תצוגת הקבע (מוזיאון מגדל דוד, ירושלים)

Printing – Presses in Jerusalem

Printing presses proliferated in Jerusalem during the 19th century. By the middle of the century, the Armenian, Franciscan and Greek Orthodox communities ran printing presses in Jerusalem publishing religious, educational and journey books The first Hebrew printing press was inaugurated in 1841. By the eve of WWI, there were thirteen Hebrew printing presses in the city.

English made printing press (1841) sent by Moses Montefiore to Israel Bak
Scaled down replica, courtesy of E. Lewin-Epstein Printers, Bat Yam

סצנה המציגה את אזור שער יפו כמרכז התחבורה של העיר, וכוללת את הסרטון הראשון (1896) שנעשה בירושלים. תצוגת הקבע (מוזיאון מגדל דוד, ירושלים)

Transportation and modernization

Until the late 1860s, transportation to and from Jerusalem was conducted on camel, donkey and horseback. In 1867 a road connecting the city to the Jaffa port was built and used by carriages and wagons. Two decades later, a railway linking Jerusalem to Jaffa was built .It was inaugurated in 1892.

Scene depicting Jaffa gate as the city’s transportation center, including the first short film shot in Jerusalem (1896)
By the Lumière brothers. The movie documents the train entering Jerusalem.